In 1879, the German journalist Wilhelm Marr created the word anti-Semitism to indicate the hatred of the Jews but also the hatred of various political tendencies of the XVIIIeme and XIXth centuries as the liberalism, the cosmopolitanism and the internationalism which were often associated with the Jews. The equality of the civil rights, the constitutional democracy, the free exchange, the socialism, the financial capitalism and the pacifism were also a part of slandered ideas.
The anti-Semitism does not however date the invention of the term but goes back up well before the modern period. In the History, pogroms so appear among the most common demonstrations of the anti-Semitism (riots of the local populations managed against the Jews, and often encouraged by the authorities). Pogroms were started by false rumors which often accused the Jews of using the blood of the Christian children for their religious rites.
For the modern period, the anti-Semites added to their ideology of hatred a political dimension. During the last third part of the XIXth century, anti-semitic political parties formed in Germany, in France and in Austria.
In the XIXth century, philosophers, academics and German artists of the movement xenophone völkish considering the Jewish spirit as foreign to the Germanness, conceived the idea that the Jew was "non-German". Theorists of the racial anthropology gave them a pseudo-scientific foundation. The Nazi party, based in 1919 and managed by Adolf Hitler, gave a political expression to the theories of the racism.
The Nazi party based partially its popularity by spreading an anti-Jewish propaganda. Millions of people bought the book of Hitler Mein Kampf (My fight) which called up to the eviction of the Jews of Germany.
When the Nazis came to power in 1933, the party organized anti-Jewish boycotts, staged auto-da-fés, and promulgated a discriminatory legislation against the Jews. In 1935, the Laws of Nuremberg defined the Jews by the blood, and ordered the total separation between "Aryans" and "non-Aryans", what legalized a racist hierarchy. In all Germany and in all Austria, the Nazis destroyed at night from 9 till 10 November 1938 synagogues and shop windows the owners of which were Jewish it was at " Crystal night ".
So now you know why we choose the 9 november for fight anti-semitism and fascism.
By Manali. C