In some countries, the original Pride celebration date usually shifts to the first Saturday before or after June 28, although it can also be modified if it coincides with other relevant events (political elections, mass celebrations) or to commemorate other local ephemeris of transcendent events for the collective.
It is celebrated on that day to remember the Stonewall riots, a pub in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York in 1969. Those events marked the beginning of the homosexual liberation movement. The riots led to spontaneous and violent demonstrations in protest against the police raid on the early morning of that day at the 'Stonewall Inn' pub. It was the first time that the LGBT community fought against a system that persecuted homosexuals with the approval of political power.
A year later, on June 28, 1970, the first gay pride marches took place in New York City and Los Angeles, commemorating the first anniversary of the riots. Over time, other cities organized similar marches. Today pride manifestations are held around the world annually towards the end of June, to remember the Stonewall riots.
The basic notion of "LGBT pride" is that no person should be ashamed of what they are, regardless of their biological sex, sexual-affective orientation, sexual identity, or gender role. It arises as a political response to different mechanisms that the traditionalist system uses against those who "deviate" from heteronormativity: shame, exclusion and physical attacks that can lead to the death of the victim.
From a linguistic point of view, the term "pride" designates' the self-love or esteem that each person has of himself as worthy of respect or consideration. This definition conveys the idea of an intrinsic dignity that every human being possesses and that it should not be affected by their behavior or their sexual orientation.
By Fernando Iturria