The original idea of celebrating World Book Day came from the Valencian writer Vicente Clavel Andres, to honor the brilliant author Miguel de Cervantes (known for Don Quixote), whose death anniversary is April 23. As a result, in 1995, during the General Conference in Paris, the decision was made to celebrate April 23 as World Book Day and Copyright Day. The reason for this is the significance of April 23, which represents the birth and death of several important authors around the world.
For example, William Shakespeare, Cervantes, Josep Pla, and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega breathed their last on April 23, while Manuel Mejia Vallejo, Shakespeare, Haldor K Laxness, and Maurice Druon were born on that day. Regarding the date of death of Shakespeare and Cervantes, there is a historical note that needs to be pointed out. Although both died on the same date, it was not the same day. The difference stems from the fact that Spain followed the Gregorian calendar during those years, while England followed the Julian calendar.
Books are immensely important. To ensure that the culture of reading continues to thrive and spread joy, this initiative was taken by UNESCO. The endeavor is to maintain a renewed respect for the irreplaceable contributions of books in our lives; while recognizing the insurmountable contributions of eminent authors, publishers who have supported the social and cultural progress of mankind.
The three major sectors of the book industry consist of - the publishers, booksellers and libraries. The eventful day celebrates all three aspects to promote reading, publishing and copyright.
UNESCO and other related global organizations to promote the goal choose the World Book Capital for a year.
Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, has been selected to be the World Book Capital 2021. 'To share a story' would be the theme of this year's World Book and Copyright Day, keeping the pandemic in mind.
Marian is a Romanian volunteer in Praxis Organisation involved in the World Book and Copyright campaign.